Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City.
With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe.
Italy is the fifth most visited country in the world, with a total of 52.3 million international arrivals in 2017.
Italy is well known for its cultural and environmental tourist routes and is home to 54 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the most in the world. Rome is the 3rd most visited city in Europe and the 12th in the world, with 9.4 million arrivals in 2017.
Italy’s most-visited landmarks include Coloseum and Roman Forum, Pompeii, Uffizi Gallery, Galleria dell’Accademia, Castel Sant’Angelo, Venaria Reale, Turin Egyptian Museum , the Medici Chapels, Lake Como.